Digital Signage Solutions

Products / Services / Offers

3G Network Optimization and Link Planning

Course Details... 

At the end of this four days course the students will understand the essentials required and involved in planning of microwave based access network for GSM and 3G. They will develop understanding of migration of transmission network towards all-IP environment.


This course is designed to teach students the essence of microwave path planning. Once completed they will be able to design and maintain cost effective solutions. The students will also be learn how to design paths that will not suffer from interference, or disturb other radio systems in the vicinity.

Course Overview

Networks are migrating quickly from GSM towards 3G and beyond. Basic drivers for such migration is the rising needs of data and cost effective planning and expansions of backhaul links. Using this course students are able to understand the needs of new traffic types and wisely adjust transmission network evolution to handle both existing and new traffic types.

Classroom discussion of all the above topics will be complemented by interactive student exercises. The course concludes with a guide to several ITU-T/ITU-R references, students can access for additional information.

With the emerging carrier Ethernet standards and the migration of mobile telephony technologies towards IP technologies, the microwave radio systems have an increased focus on the effective transport of packet based traffic and major radio vendors have introduced a new type of radio, commonly referred to as IP radio supporting high speed packet transport over microwave links.




  • Banking Sector, Clinic, Hospital

  • Factory area, Industry

  • Tourism Information Center

  • Mega events way finding assistance

  • Student Information in Academics

  • Shopping Complex, Retail Stores

  • Major Public areas

Key Benefits

3G transmission planning requires understanding of both TDM and packet radio planning. This course helps in developing knowledge of


  • To understand how Microwave links are planned for 3G Access and Core Networks using microwave TDM and packet radios at different frequencies under different weather conditions using adaptive modulation ( only with packet radios)

  • To understand what components make up a total system and the significance of Layer 2 switching in 3G Transmissions access and core links.\

Course Contents​

Microwave Link Planning

  • RR Network and System Specification

  • Map study and preparation of path profiles

  • Field survey and site determination

  • Determination of Antenna Heights

  • Path Calculations

  • Performance and availability

  • Frequency Spectrum Allocation

  • Equipment Specifications & Selection

  • MW Radio

  • Digital Modulation

  • Receiver Sensitivity

  • Signal Equalizers

  • Forward Error Correction (FEC)

  • Scrambling and Interleaving

  • Network Management

  • Types of Antenna

  • Antenna Gain

  • VSWR, Cross-polarization Discrimination

  • Near Field versus Far Field

  • Antenna Misalignment

  • Transmission Lines (Feeders)

  • Economical Considerations

Link Budget Calculation

  • Transmission and Reception

  • Exercise

  • Link Budget with Branching Circuitry

Microwave Propagation

  • Free Space Propagation

  • Atmospheric Absorption

  • Rain Attenuation

  • Exercise

  • Atmospheric Refraction

  • Refractive Ray Bending

  • Radio and Optical Refractivity

  • Gradient of Refractive Index

  • Anomalous Propagation

  • Exercise

  • Substandard Refraction

  • Ducting and Blackout Fade

  • Fresnel Zones Concept

  • Clearance Criteria

  • Terrain Related Effects

  • Reflections (Analysis and Countermeasures)

  • Diffraction

  • Exercise

  • Multipath Fading Mechanism-Flat Fading

  • Vigants Barnet Model

  • Exercise

  • ITU-R Rec. P.530-7

  • Frequency Selective Fading

  • Applicable Fade Margins

  • Radio Signature Curves

  • Exercise

  • Case study with SW Planning Tool Pathloss v.4.0

Link Performance and Availability Considerations

  • Basic Definitions of Reliability, Performance and Availability

  • Exercise

  • Selected NA (Bellcore) Definitions

  • ITU-R Related Definitions

Frequency Planning and Interference Analysis

  • Setting Up the Frequency Plan

  • International Frequency Plans

  • Frequency Planning Rules

  • Exercise

  • Two-Frequency Plan

  • Four-Frequency Plan

  • Meshed Networks

  • Interference in Digital Networks

  • Co-channel Interference

  • Adjacent Channel Interference

  • Receiver Threshold Degradation

  • Interference Mitigation

  • Planning Considerations

Overview for 3G and 4G Networks - The big picture

  • Data services requirements

  • Wireless network architectures

  • IP backhaul challenges

  • Applications; impact on IPBH

Wireless Networks Backhaul Overview

  • What is an IP backhaul network?

  • Transport technologies landscape

  • Various L1 and L2 protocols

  • “Access Network” transport solutions (e.g., TDM, ATM, Cable, and MW)

  • “Aggregation Network” transport solutions (e.g., SONET/SDH, EPON and RPR)

  • Worldwide BH preferences

IP and MPLS Basics

  • IP fundamentals

  • Integration of IP with MPLS

Microwave in Wireless Backhaul

  • Microwave access architecture options; pros and cons

  • Issues with Microwave access and their solution

  • Microwave vs. WiMAX in wireless backhaul


Carrier Ethernet in IP Backhaul

  • Ethernet fundamentals

  • Carrier Ethernet (CE) and the Ethernet services model

  • CE attributes and the support for QoS

  • Role of Circuit Emulation (CESoE) and circuit bonding

  • Role of CE in IP backhaul


Wireless Back-haul Evolution Scenario

  • Flat vs. centralized network architecture

  • How traffic is mapped to 2G, 3G and 4G networks

  • 5-phase evolution example from 3G/4G to a converged cell site using carrier Etherne tbackhaul


Backhaul Capacity Planning


  • Diffusion modeling to forecast 2G, 3G, and 4G subscribers

network planning.jpg
Pre-Requisites for Participants

Only basic understanding of telecommunications is required.


Who should attend ?​

This course is suitable for telecommunications professionals, including transmission engineers, network planners and technical project managers who are involved in the area of planning, deployment, commissioning or operation of modern Radio-relay Digital Microwave Radio.​

Instructor​ Profile
  • Over 16+ years of successful management and leadership experience with reputation for meeting the most challenging organizational goals and objectives.

  • Developed and implemented RF / GSM / Microwave systems projects (National and International regulations in the field) according with the rules in force - ITU (more than 41 projects completed & approved by the authorities ):

  • RF planning/coverage/traffic for many types of the mobile networks: 3G/4G , FDMA/GSM/CDMA/WCDMA.

  • Design, analyze & optimize fixed & mobile networks including GSM / Microwave Transmission Links, VSAT networks – satellite etc.                  

  • Consulting in the field of telecommunications: purchasing, marketing and installing telecommunications equipments.

  • Microwave Network planning through software planning tools.

  • Data Recording/Analyzing/Post Processing/Optimizing/Performance evaluation through software tools.

  • Calculate KPIs performance & evaluation of GSM/Microwave Networks.

  • Lead the group of 7 people of Supply Chain Management as Project Manager for seven GSM/Microwave projects.

  • Lead group of 22 Engineers/Technician as Project Director for 12 projects of GSM/Microwave Network implementation, planning and Optimization worth of approx USD 33M. .

  • Responsible as Assistant Regional Project Manager (ARPM) , End-to-end management of projects including all aspects of Project Planning, Project Implementation, Project Control, and final delivery, projects meeting.

  • As Consultant and Trainer 40+ training sessions conducted in different technical domains e.g Microwave Engg and Link Planning , Pathloss 4/5 , GSM Cell Optimization , Telecom Project Management , Basic of Telecommunication , WCDMA Optimization, 3G LTE Microwave Network Planning, Project Management and its Tool , SCM and its Effectiveness in Mobile Networks etc.


Download Brochure

Our Trainers..

We only use trainers and programme directors that satisfy the following three criteria:

  • Experts in their field;

  • High level of Industry Experience;

  • Expert facilitators and training professionals.

All our trainers have undergone a rigorous selection process and are subject to continuous monitoring and evaluation. Each trainer is accredited for specific courses or topic areas.

Call us to get more details on currently assigned trainer for your registered course